1. The most effective way to teach young children about traffic safety is: A. Show videos about traffic safety B. Role-play pretend traffic scenarios in the classroom C. Invite a

1. The most effective way to teach young children about traffic safety is: A. Show videos about traffic safety B. Role-play pretend traffic scenarios in the classroom C. Invite a police officer to speak to them about traffic safety D. Involve children in real-life experiences 2. Which of the following is the best approach to teach young children about shape and form? A. Exclude the common geometric shapes. B. Teach familiar shapes along with unfamiliar shapes. C. Review familiar shapes when introducing unfamiliar shapes. D. Limit instruction to the basic shapes. 3. One of the most basic music experiences that children in the middle and upper elementary grades need is A. broad experience with a variety of forms and styles of music. B. a lot of opportunities to sing songs. C. opportunities to play simple instruments. D. a lot of experience with hand-clapping during songs. 4. Some students’ attitudes toward mathematics undergo a significant change at a certain point in their development: interest declines, and they no longer consider themselves good at math. When does this usually occur? A. Between fourth and eighth grades B. Between second and fourth grade C. Between kindergarten and third grade D. When they enter kindergarten 5. Strong allegiance to one’s group and consciousness of the importance of rules are most characteristic of which group? A. Kindergartners B. Fifth graders C. First and second graders D. Toddlers and preschoolers 6. Which one of the following methods is preferred for teaching songs from recordings to young children? A. The phrase-wise method B. The combination method C. The whole-song method D. The strong-melody method 7. Which of the following is not an appropriate reason to choose a picture book to teach math concepts to young children? A. Natural math connections B. Enjoyment C. Inclusion of the numbers 1 through 10 D. Characterizations 8. Some early childhood educators neglect to plan for the development of preschool children’s motor skills because A. very few activities match these children’s skill levels. B. they assume these children’s skills will develop on their own. C. knowledge acquisition must precede skill development. D. preschoolers’ skills are too crude for planned development. 9. True counting is not possible until a child understands A. one-to-one correspondence. B. rote counting. C. repetition. D. object sequencing. 10. Before a child is three years old, he or she often A. is unable to do rote counting. B. has little interest in counting. C. can count to ten in proper order. D. can count rationally. 11. An example of an effective creative moment activity for transition time would be A. asking the children to pretend they’re a ball. B. pretending you’re a mother duck (quack and waddle). Ask the children to pretend they’re the ducklings and have them follow you to the next room or activity. C. having the children pretend they’re a rocket ship and soar around the room. D. jumping jacks. 12. Safety concerns for children aged _______ are based on such things as their fascination with fire, their high level of activity, and their impatience with restraint. A. four to six years B. twelve years and older C. seven to ten years D. two to three years 13. The leading cause of death among children under 14 is A. injury. B. illness. C. drug overdose. D. accidents. 14. In terms of creative music activities, the key to variety in lesson planning is A. a good early music planning book. B. setting aside large blocks of time for activities. C. allowing enough time for music activities. D. cross-curricular planning. 15. An early childhood educator wishing to emphasize the contribution of rhythm instruments to a piece of music should probably choose which one of the following instruments? A. Flute B. Piano C. Kazoo D. Drum 16. When using music for creative movement activities, the teacher should A. begin with music that’s fluid and complex with a well-disguised beat. B. tell the children they may do whatever the music “tells” them to do. C. emphasize that children shouldn’t copy one another’s movements. D. prepare children by telling them what they should listen for. 17. The use of rhythm instruments in a music program A. is most effective with fourth- and fifth-graders. B. s children learn to listen for a pattern of sounds in music. C. s children learn to count. D. can children develop hand preference. 18. Using macaroni in a child’s art project A. is a creative use. B. isn’t a good idea; young children might try to eat it. C. should be done only with supervision. D. should be discouraged because some young children have allergies. 19. A child counting from one to ten without knowing what the numbers mean is said to be using _______ counting. A. rote End of exam B. one-to-one C. cardinal D. rational 20. The most common cause of traffic accidents involving young children is A. vehicle malfunction. B. careless driving. C. children darting out in front of cars. D. drunken driving….

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