Procedure 1. Roll the construction paper into a tube 4 inches in diameter; secure with masking tape. 2. Mount the grating on one end of the tube using tape. 3.

Procedure 1. Roll the construction paper into a tube 4 inches in diameter; secure with masking tape. 2. Mount the grating on one end of the tube using tape. 3. Set the 3 x 5 in. index card face down on a table, place the open end of the tube on it and with a pencil draw a circle around the tube on the card. 4. Place the index card on a sheet of cardboard to protect the table. In the middle of the circle you drew, cut a slit 2.5 cm long and 0.5 mm wide, using scissors and a ruler to make the edges very clean. (You may need a few tries to get this correct.) 5. Cut out the circle with the slit. 6. Align the long axis of the slit so that it is perpendicular to the width of the grating slide. Tape the slit to the open end of the tube (opposite the grating) with the masking tape. Be sure to cover as much of the end of the tube as possible, leaving the slit open. Color the tape with the permanent marker. 7. To use the spectroscope, point the slit at a light source and look through the diffraction grating with your eye a few inches from the grating. Move the tube so that you can see the light source clearly. Look slightly left or right of the slit to visualize the spectrum of the light source. You may need to slightly rotate the spectroscope to clearly visualize the spectrum. NEVER STARE AT THE SUN AS THIS CAN CAUSE SERIOUS AND PERMANENT EYE DAMAGE! 8. Using the spectroscope, visualize the spectra of an incandescent light bulb (typical bulb found in a household lamp), a fluorescent light (typically found in classrooms, hallways, store interiors, etc.), and a street lamp. Procedure 1. Cut a 2.5 x 2.5 cm. hole in the center of the cardboard. Note: you can use your kit box lid for this material. 2. Position a square of aluminum foil over this hole and tape to secure it in place. 3. Using the push pin, create a small hole in the center of the aluminum foil. 4. Tape the pin hole viewer to 1 ruler at the 2 inch mark. Tape the index card to the ruler at the 8 inch mark. 5. To measure the diameter of the sun, hold the pinhole viewer so that the light from the sun passes through the hole on to the sheet of white paper. 6. Measure the diameter of the image from the sun on the index card. 7. Measure the distance from the pinhole to the piece of paper. 8. Record your measurements in the table below. 9. Move the index card to the 11 inch mark on the ruler and repeat Steps 6-8. 10. Use the following equation to determine the diameter of the sun: Diameter of sun = (diameter of image / distance from pinhole to paper) * distance earth to sun

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