Question 1 of 20 Corporations have a role in establishing their community’s: A. tax base. B. safety. C. economic growth. D. All of the above Question 2 of 20 Modern corporations should be socially responsible because they: A. are responsible to the stockholders of the company. B. create jobs, influencing the lives of employees. C. are highly profitable. D. All of the above Question 3 of 20 A modern-day expression of the charity principle does NOT include: A. balancing the interests and needs of many diverse groups in society. B. expressions of corporate philanthropy. C. voluntary actions to promote the social good. D. taking a paternalistic approach to community affairs. Question 4 of 20 Which of the following is NOT an example of the charity principle? A. Endowing public libraries B. Supporting settlement houses for the poor C. Supporting a governmental protection agency D. Donating money to a family-counseling center Question 5 of 20 The antitrust cases brought against Microsoft by regulators in the United States and Europe are examples of: A. promoting long-term profits for business. B. government efforts to reduce a company’s abuses of its monopoly power in the marketplace. C. correcting social problems caused by business. D. None of the above Question 6 of 20 Which of the following is an argument in favor of corporate social responsibility? A. It is always good business to act charitably. B. It balances businesses’ power with their responsibility to act. C. Corporate reputation is the most critical factor driving profits. D. Promotes short-term profitability for businesses. Question 7 of 20 Positive reputation can be valued as an intangible corporate: A. asset. B. liability. C. charity. D. expense. Question 8 of 20 Which of the following examples does NOT show a company guided by enlightened self-interest? A. A company providing the best quality product at a fair price B. A company providing assistance to employees who attend evening college C. A company breaking past records by maximizing quarterly profits D. A company vice-president invited to attend a local community’s town planning meeting Question 9 of 20 When undertaking social initiatives, a company: A. must take out social responsibility insurance. B. will always receive long-term profits. C. may sacrifice short-term profits. D. risks going bankrupt in nearly all cases. Question 10 of 20 Social responsibility reflects: A. the type of governmental rule and degree of individual freedom in a nation. B. social activists’ power and the extent that social regulation is found in a country. C. cultural values and traditions, taking different forms in different societies. D. All of the above Question 11 of 20 Which of the following is NOT a driver of the Corporate Social Responsiveness phase of Corporate Social Responsibility? A. Religious/ethnic beliefs B. Social unrest/protest C. Stakeholder pressures D. Public policy/government regulations Question 12 of 20 All of the following are examples of the phases of Corporate Social Responsibility EXCEPT: A. Corporate/Global Citizenship. B. Corporate Charity Principle. C. Corporate Social Stewardship D. Corporate/Business Ethics. Question 13 of 20 As part of a continuing company commitment to monitor its manufacturing facilities, Mattel formed: A. the “Zero Tolerance” program. B. the Manufacturing Assessment Team. C. the Independent Monitoring Council. D. All of the above Question 14 of 20 The term corporate citizenship has been used to refer to: A. businesses acting responsibly toward stakeholders. B. moral obligations to society at large. C. demands made by the trustees of the public’s interests. D. All of the above Question 15 of 20 Which of the following principles of corporate citizenship strive for a competitive return on investment? A. Consumer Relations B. Investor Relations C. Employee Relations D. Supplier Relations Question 16 of 20 Which of the following is NOT a professional association and consultancy in corporate social responsibility? A. Business for Social Responsibility B. Center for Global Citizenship C. Corporate Social Responsibility Europe D. Asian Forum on Corporate Social Responsibility Question 17 of 20 A company that has just begun reporting to stakeholders is in which stage of the corporate citizenship process? A. Innovative stage B. Integrated stage C. Engaged stage D. Transforming stage Question 18 of 20 Managers responding to the needs of the local education system as a normal or routine aspect of its operations is an example of an organization in the: A. innovative stage. B. integrated stage. C. transforming stage. D. engaged stage. Question 19 of 20 According to a study of corporate citizenship in Latin America and Canada, which of the following is NOT one of the four levels of corporate social responsibility activity? A. Delayed B. Running C. Catching up D. Stalled Question 20 of 20 Which of the following is NOT one of the four quadrants of the balanced scorecard approach? A. People and knowledge B. Internal C. External D. Financial Question 1 of 20 People’s ethical beliefs come from: A. legislative action and judicial decisions. B. reading the company’s profit and loss statements. C. their religious background, family, and education. D. the organization’s code of ethics. Question 2 of 20 People everywhere depend on ethical systems to tell them whether their actions are: A. legal or illegal. B. right or wrong. C. financially attainable or not. D. logical and in sound judgment. Question 3 of 20 Under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, corporations are required to: A. have their CEO and CFO sign off on financial statements as accurate and fair. B. have their audit committee comprised of only executives employed by the firm. C. collect reimbursements from the U.S. government if financial restatements occur. D. All of the above Question 4 of 20 Cross-cultural contradictions arise due to: A. the emergence of a developing country’s economic power. B. religious differences practiced by business executives. C. differences between home and host countries’ ethical standards. D. All of the above Question 5 of 20 As business becomes increasingly global: A. it must turn to national laws for guidance. B. ethical issues become issues of free trade. C. a global code of conduct will emerge for businesses. D. cross-cultural contradictions will increase. Question 6 of 20 Which of the following was NOT a moral value acknowledged by Aristotle? A. Temperance B. Charity C. Justice D. Prudence Question 7 of 20 According to Clarence Walton, the key to ethical standards in business is: A. personal character. B. highly paid executives. C. clear governmental directives. D. an ethics professor on the board of directors. Question 8 of 20 Business managers need a set of ethical guidelines to them: A. understand the changing customs throughout the world. B. justify the resolution which best s themselves. C. identify and analyze the nature of ethical problems. D. None of the above Question 9 of 20 According to the utilitarian reasoning, if the benefits outweigh the costs, then the action is ethical because it produces: A. the greatest good for the greatest number of people. B. an equal amount of good for an equal number of people. C. the greatest good for a select number of people. D. an equal amount of good for the greatest number of people. Question 10 of 20 A just or fair ethical decision occurs when: A. the rights of all affected are considered. B. the greatest good for those with power is achieved. C. benefits and burdens are distributed equally. D. All of the above Question 11 of 20 Whistle-blowing occurs when: A. a company president calls on employees in the organization to observe the firm’s code of ethics. B. an employee goes public with a complaint after failing to convince the company to correct an alleged abuse. C. a consumer group calls for a boycott of a firm’s product due to questionable advertisements. D. an employee is found guilty of criminal wrongdoing by a government agency. Question 12 of 20 The core components upon which a company’s ethical performance depends include: A. the values and virtues of the managers. B. the personal character of the managers and employees. C. the traditions, attitudes, and business practices built into a company’s culture. D. All of the above Question 13 of 20 Which of the following is NOT one of the five core values developed by the Holt Company? A. Efficiency B. Dynamic C. Success D. Ethics Question 14 of 20 If a manager approaches ethics with benevolence in mind, he or she would stress what? A. Friendly relations with an employee B. Company rules and procedures C. Laws and professional codes D. Economic efficiency Question 15 of 20 The Kanebo Limited scandal is an example of a lapse in: A. information technology ethics. B. marketing ethics. C. finance ethics. D. accounting ethics. Question 16 of 20 A giant step is taken toward improving ethical performance throughout the company when: A. the firm hires a university ethics professor to lecture employees on moral philosophy. B. the Justice Department launches an investigation of the firm’s pricing practices. C. senior-level managers signal to employees that they believe ethics is a high priority. D. a consumer hot line is created and staffed 24 hours a day. Question 17 of 20 Which of the following statements is true? A. In Japan, most codes were found to be a mixture of legal compliance and statements of mission. B. The rationale underlying corporate codes of ethics are the same from country to country. C. The values and mission codes are least popular with European and Canadian companies. D. Codes of ethics in Latin America primarily focus on guidelines for accepting or refusing gifts. Question 18 of 20 The Institute for Corporate Ethics was created to: A. guide managers when an ethical dilemma arises. B. provide assistance for developing ethics policies for organizations. C. develop and conduct training programs for senior managers. D. oversee ethics audits. Question 19 of 20 The critical component in installing an effective ethics program is: A. to allow all employees the freedom to act as they wish. B. in hiring an expensive ethics consultant. C. the integration of various ethics safeguards into a comprehensive program. D. maintaining the position as the industry sales leader. Question 20 of 20 One of the most widespread and potentially powerful efforts to combat bribery was initiated by: A. the Global Forum on Fighting Corruption. B. the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. C. International Labour Organization. D. the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Policy Act. Question 1 of 20 In which year was the 1st World Summit on Sustainable Development held? A. 1982 B. 1985 C. 1990 D. 1992 Question 2 of 20 Depletion of the ozone layer, destruction of the rain forests, and species extinctions have an impact on A. all of society B. a particular region. C. a particular nation. D. none of society. Question 3 of 20 Sustainable development: A. meets the needs of the present while compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. B. gives precedence to environmental over economic considerations. C. balances economic and environmental considerations. D. sacrifices less important immediate needs in order to fulfill important future needs. Question 4 of 20 An attempt to apply the concept of sustainable development has been made by an initiative called The Natural Step, which was created in which country? A. Brazil B. Denmark C. Sweden D. Switzerland Question 5 of 20 Which of the following is an example of a nonrenewable resource? A. Coal B. Fresh water C. Timber D. Fish Question 6 of 20 Critics argue that offset factors to the “limits to growth hypothesis” include: A. depletion of nonrenewable resources will force people to find substitutes. B. markets will be subjected to greater governmental control. C. more advanced computer simulation models will better predict the future. D. technological development will slow in resource-scarce nations. Question 7 of 20 A thin layer of gas that protects the earth from excessive ultraviolet radiation from the sun is: A. ozone. B. carbon dioxide. C. methane. D. oxygen. Question 8 of 20 The goal of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development is to encourage: A. high standards of environmental management and to promote closer cooperation among businesses, governments, and other organizations. B. world political and business leaders to conserve the earth’s biological resources, particularly in species-rich tropical forests. C. poorer countries to develop their economies in an environmentally sustainable way. D. cutting CFC production and use by 50 percent by 2010. Question 9 of 20 Which of the following is an example of industrial ecology in practice? A. Developing a paper recycling program in business offices B. Using wastes from one process as raw materials for another process C. Manufacturing recyclable containers for products D. All of the above Question 10 of 20 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was created: A. to monitor and regulate nuclear activity. B. in 1970 to coordinate most of the government’s efforts to protect the environment. C. to monitor and regulate occupational health and safety standards. D. All of the above Question 11 of 20 Which of the following statements is NOT true with respect to acid rain? A. A primary source of acid rain is coal-fired utilities. B. Acid rain occurs when carbon dioxide combines with water vapor in the atmosphere. C. Acid rain is worse in some regions of the United States than others. D. Acid rain degrades buildings. Question 12 of 20 Which country has made the greatest progress in reducing its solid waste stream? A. United Kingdom B. Germany C. Japan D. United States Question 13 of 20 Which of the following statements is NOT true about environmental standards? A. Regulatory agencies can establish standard allowable levels of pollutants. B. The government has the power to command business firms to comply with certain standards. C. The government rarely interferes in a business’s choice of pollution technology. D. They are the most widely used methods of regulation. Question 14 of 20 Which of the following is NOT a cost of environmental regulation? A. Unemployment B. Reduced capital investment C. Corporate restructuring D. Lowered productivity Question 15 of 20 Which of the following is indicative of a firm in the pollution prevention stage of the corporate environmental responsibility model? A. Realizing that it would be less efficient and more expensive to prevent pollution before it is create B. Focusing on all environmental impacts of the product life-cycle C. Minimizing or eliminating waste before it is created D. Incurring losses due to environmental costs Question 16 of 20 Which of the following is the most advanced stage of corporate environmental responsibility? A. Pollution prevention stage B. Clean technology stage C. Product stewardship stage D. Green management stage Question 17 of 20 Continuing activities indefinitely, without altering the carrying capacity of the earth’s ecosystem, is a characteristic of: A. an ecologically sustainable organization. B. concerned citizens. C. a code of environmental conduct. D. environmental regulation. Question 18 of 20 Some researchers believe that business firms moving towards ecological sustainability results in: A. competitive advantages. B. decreased worker productivity. C. more government regulation. D. less money for shareholders. Question 19 of 20 Companies that reduce pollution and hazardous waste, reuse or recycle materials, and operate with greater energy efficiency achieve a competitive advantage due to: A. technological innovation. B. product differentiation. C. green marketing. D. cost savings. Question 20 of 20 When companies develop a reputation for environmental excellence, and they produce and deliver products and services designed to attract environmentally aware customers, this is called: A. technological innovation. B. strategic planning. C. green marketing. D. cost savings.
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